Why choose a Hamadan Rug?
The good thing about this type of Persian rugs is that they are less expensive, but as beautiful as all the other hand-woven rugs made in Iran.
Hamadan carpets are produced in a city that is believed to be one of the oldest in the world. It is located in western Iran and comprises about 1,500 villages and each of them produces two different designs of carpets. Hence, there are over 3,000 diverse types of Hamadan carpets and rugs. The rich history of the region is one of the main reasons that explains why there are so many types of rugs. The best are traded under the names of Nahavand, Tuiserkan, Malayer or Hosseinabad, Bibikabd, Burchalow, Enjilas, Lilihan, Khamse, Zanjan, Saveh, Tajabad and Malayer. All these types are all sold under the name of Hamadan and they make the most common type of Persian rugs sold in the U.S and other countries.
Hamadan city is also recognized under the name of Ecbatana, which in the Greek language means ‘the place of gathering’. Ecbatana is mentioned in the Bible, the Book of Esther, and by Herodotus in his histories. The latter described the place as a city with seven big walls rising in circles one within the other and each of them is painted in different colors like white, black, scarlet, blue, orange, silver and gold.
The same colors are being used by weavers in nowadays Hamadan and they vary from indigo blue to madder red. Carpet weaving is the main industry in Hamadan. These carpets tend to be commercial and their designs are simple and include floral, medallion and diamond shaped elements. On their part, medallions may include floral, geometric, jagged lines and other patterns. Many years ago, especially before the Second World War, Hamadan rugs were woven based on wool foundations. After the war, local weavers changed to cotton foundations and they use both, the Turkish and the Persian knots.
Meanwhile, their size depends on the village where the rugs are made, but mostly they come in small sizes and runners. The good thing about this type of Persian rugs is that they are less expensive compared to others. In this case, the low price is an advantage because everyone knows that Persian carpets are beautiful due to their unique values and the price is not always the most important thing. Thus, these tribal hand-woven rugs and runners are precious treasures, recognized for their durability and can be inherited through generations.
Pile: strong wool yarn of varying quality
Weft: cotton, one weft between the rows of knots
Warp: cotton yarn
Knot density: 90.000 – 300.000 knots per square metre